生物学，From The Gene Page 234:
It is the impulse of science to try to understand nature, and the
impulse of technology to try to manipulate it. Recombinant DNA had
pushed genetics from the realm of sciece into the realm of technology.
Genes were not abstractions anymore. They could be liberated from the
genomes of organisms where they had been trapped for millennia,
shuttled between species, amplified, purified, extended, shortened,
altered, remixed, mutated, mixed, matched, cut, pasted, edited; they
were infintely malleable to human intervention. Genes were no longer
just the subjects of study, but the instruments of study. There is an
illuminated moment in the development of a child when she grasps the
recursiveness of language: just as thoughts can be used to generate
words, she realizes, words can be used to generate thoughts.
Recombinant DNA had made the language of genetics recursive.
Biologists had spent decades trying to interrogate the nature of the
gene — but now it was the gene that could be used to interrogate
biology. We had graduated, in short, from thinking about genes, to
thinking in genes.
From The Gene Page 244:
It was an inverted fable: an academic Goliath versus a pharmaceutical
David, one lumbering, powerful, handicapped by size, the other nimble,
quick, adept at dancing around rules.